Monday, May 25, 2020

The Effect Of Communication On The Satisfaction Of A...

Why take another look at communication again? because most studies that have been done, do the same thing over and over. They use self reports that are coded themselves or that the research will have the participants code, tons of different questionnaires that take time for the participants to do, and it is really not relevant for the new generations. With the studies that have been done, almost half of all first marriage still end in divorce. It looks like the system that we use to study and try to help curb this just isn t working, because of the measures that are used it just speak to the generation anymore. This study is different, it will use a video game as the measure to study the effects of communication on the satisfaction in a relationship. The video game doesn t take much time, and time is very important to this generation that is always on the go. It is also a lot more relevant for this generation of couples as well. This study will also be looking at specifically communi cation in a stressful situation, which the studies have not covered before. This is important because every couple as arguments and by studying this hopefully it will curb the amount of arguments in the relationship and help lower the first marriage divorce rates. There was a study done just recently that looked at whether communication predicted satisfaction or satisfaction predicted communication? The study didn’t really find whether one predicted the other.(Lavner, et al, 2016, p. 1-15)Show MoreRelatedMarriage Is A Difficult Proposition934 Words   |  4 Pagesrequired to remain committed to a lifelong marriage relationship. According to, Goodwin, Mosher, and Chandra (2010), research has shown that approximately one-third of marriages in the USA end up in divorce within the first 10 years. Additionally, estimates are that around 50% of all marriages in the USA end up in divorce (Britzman Sauerheber, 2014). For many, the major reasons for these disconnects in marriage are deficits in effective marital communication, the inability to resolve conflict constructivelyRead MoreThe Relationship Between Sexual Satisfaction And Relationship Satisfaction Essay1291 Words   |  6 PagesAssociations Between Sexual Satisfaction and Relationship Satisfaction Sex has been viewed as fundamental for most romantic relationships, but sexual gratification and relationship satisfaction have often been examined separately. In more recent years, researchers have explored the association between sexual satisfaction and relationship satisfaction to gain a better understanding of how couples can obtain happy stable relationship (Schmiedeberg Schrà ¶der 2016). The purpose of this literatureRead MoreEssay on Communication Traits of Happy Couples1638 Words   |  7 Pagescouples who are happy and those who are not, through all stages of a relationship. They have found that many of the traits that begin in a dating relationship will carry over into a marriage. Researchers have turned to the ways in which these happy couples communicate and the ways that not so happy couples communicate in order to find a common thread between couples who stay committed to one another while being satisfied in the relationship. There are communicative traits practice d by these couples whoRead MoreCommunication And Its Effects On Employees s Perceptions Towards Organizational Changes902 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction Communication and its effects on employee’s perceptions towards organizational changes have been extensively studied. Communication, if poorly managed, can lead to negative consequences including employee’s frustration, uncertainty, change contempt (Frahm Brown (2007), Bordia, Hunt, Paulsen (2004)), psychological strain, low job satisfaction, and increase in turnover intention (Bordia, Hunt, Paulsen (2004)). If effectively managed, communication can result in multiple positiveRead MoreEssay On Social Anxiety1134 Words   |  5 PagesAnxiety, Relationships, and What to Do Introduction Social anxiety disorder is one of the most common mental illnesses in the United States. Chances are you know somebody who has dealt with this issue (Kessler, etc., 2005) because it causes one-third of the population to experience distress or disability. It can affect quality of life by generating fear of social situations and resulting in social withdrawal. One of the most central aspects of human life is having close relationships — particularlyRead MoreFather Daughter Relationships : Examining Family Communication Patterns And Interpersonal Communication Satisfaction1312 Words   |  6 PagesThe article, â€Å"Father-Daughter Relationships: Examining Family Communication Patterns and Interpersonal Communication Satisfaction† by Narissra Maria Punyanunt-Carter, published in the Communication Research Reports: Volume 25, No. 1, on February 1, 2008, presents the findings from a study concerning the interpersonal communication satisfaction between fathers and daughters as a result of their communication patterns. Punyanunt-Carter begins her paper by providing details from a literature reviewRead MoreImpact Of Technology On Society s Social Life1409 Words   |  6 Pagesothers bring advantages for people, but at the same time have a negative effect on their behavior. The way they respond to interpersonal relationships and the outcomes that may come from them. For instance, the research about the effects that technology has on social lives, the way social media influences the self- editing thru social comparison, the impact of technological communication has on life and relationship satisfaction. This various research supports the argument presented by Sherryl TurkleRead MoreTransformational Leadership Is Developed By Political Sociologist James Mac Gregor Burns Essay1124 Words   |  5 PagesReview 1) Relationship between transformational leadership and employees’ job satisfaction among the academic staff The authors of this article performed a study by collecting 214 questionnaires from academic staff to evaluate the relationship between transformational leadership and employees’ job satisfaction. The study also emphasized the relationship among the variables: idealized influence, individual consideration, inspirational motivation and intellectual stimulation and job satisfaction. TheRead MoreLack of Communication Is the Biggest Problem in Healthcare Today1715 Words   |  7 Pagesineffective communication among hospital personnel, patients and their families, and the effect it has on patient safety. Communication, as a whole, is very complex and is the root of teamwork and collaboration which aids in keeping patients safe in the hospital. Throughout the healthcare field today patient-centered care and patient safety seem to be major focus points. Unfortunately, ineffective communication can potentially cause patient harm and even death. The breech in ineffective communicat ion betweenRead MoreThe Effects Of Cellphones On Our Daily Lives Essay1679 Words   |  7 Pagesdecade. With the rise in technological advances and continual rise in interest, large amounts of research have been done on the overall impact that technology has had. We have previously stated that the goal of our study is to determine the overall effects that cellphones play on face-to-face interactions with one another on a daily basis. It is important to grasp the research being done on technology as a whole. There are currently mass amounts of research on the impact that cellphones have, but

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Medicine Has Been Dramatically Development - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 5 Words: 1367 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2019/04/12 Category Biology Essay Level High school Tags: Animal Testing Essay Did you like this example? Medicine has been dramatically development, especially in the last century. Animal experimentation has been used since the very first day of medical science such as Aristotle, (384 â€Å" 322 BC) and Erasistratus, (304 â€Å" 258 BC) (Hajar). There are 108 Nobel Prizes which rewarded for medicine and physiology since 1901 and 96 of those are directly base on the animal (The animal). Despite researching are focusing on particle and gene level, animal testings are still the standard steps to develop a new drug. Beside of that, demanding for basic rights is one of the features of developed societies. Not only fighting for the human right but also for animal right, some organizations such as People for the Ethical Treatment of Animal (PETA) and the American Fund for Alternatives to Animal Research (AFAAR), etc were found to protest against activities which can harm the animal. In fact, these organizations have achieved some goals and contributed to a more humane society. However, especially in medical research, animal experimentations should be continuous because of valuable role, unbelievable biological similarities between animal and human and unreplaceable in some cases. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Medicine Has Been Dramatically Development" essay for you Create order Thanks to animal experimentation, since the very first day, human being have definitely achieved many meaningful progressions in biomedicine which help them get over historical pandemics, fighting diseases and keep healthy. Vaccination is one of obvious benefit from which human have earned. The smallpox pandemic, (1870-1874) spread throughout Europe and other continents caused a heavy fatality. Due to the disease, there were more than 170,000 deaths throughout German, more than 35,000 deaths in Belgium, 155,335 deaths in Austria(Rolleston). Initially, they used humanized vaccine but could not afford the demand and even occasionally transmitted syphilis from person to person. Because of these, animal which were horses, mules, goats, rabbits were used to create a vaccine. It dramatically decreased the number of deaths and finally eradicated smallpox in 1977. Moreover, not only smallpox but also many other infective diseases have been controlled efficiently by vaccine since 1880 such as rabies in 1880, typhoid, cholera plague in 1890, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, tuberculosis in 1920, etc (Botting). The numbers have their voices that we can not reject the role of vaccine in healthcare in which animal is one of the major factors. On the other hand, some people claim that animal experimentation is just wasting lives and these activities did not actually play any role in medical development. Most animal experiments are not relevant to human health, they do not contribute meaningfully to medical advances (Berlatshy). However, only by the proof vaccine, the claim seems to be overgeneralization and contradicts a lot of medical achievements which were meaningful to the history of human development. I cannot imagine what would have happened if they had not used an animal to create the vaccine. But why was an animal? In experimentation, mostly, scientists try to find how a live body reacts to a specific stimulation. Because of ethical reasons, people cannot use human for testing so that animals have been used as a replacement due to similarities between animal and human. In 1937, ?Elixir Sulfanilamide was created by a pharmaceutical company in the USA and caused the deaths of more than a hundred people. The reason of deaths was found that was diethylene glycol (DEG) as a solvent of the medicine. DEG was poisonous to humans, but the company was not aware of this. Notably, no animal testing was done before the product was allowed to sell (Hajar). Besides that, if we look animal and human in biological view, we will surprise that there are similarities that we cannot ever imagine such as lung, heart, kidney, intestine, bladder etc. and even in the same designs. 90% of veterinary medicines are the same as, or very similar to humans medicine. Moreover, it is interesting that we have 90% gene in common with a mouse that we can use to study gene and related diseases or treatments (The Animal). Because of these reasons, according to FDA, in five steps of the drug development process, in vivo is the second step that must be done to find out whether it has the potential to cause serious harm before testing on human(The Drug). Animal testing is one of an indispensable part in new medicine invention. Human being and other animals are obviously different species. Animal rights advocates assume these species-differences as differences in respondent to a stimulation or a drug to persuade people to stop using animal test for medical purposes. Taking a healthy being from a completely different species, artificially inducing a condition that he or she would never normally contract, keeping him or her in an unnatural and distressful environment, and trying to apply the results to naturally occurring diseases in human beings is dubious at best(Berlatshy). Of course, different species do not have perfect similarities. Nevertheless, a lot of respondents of the animal were the same to humans respondents to a drug or a stimulation. Unless the respondents were almost the same, there could not be a 90% similarity between veterinary medicine and human medicine(The Animal). Heart diseases and related diseases are deathly causes in the US. Studies with dogs contributed to our most basic understanding of how to manage heart disease. Techniques to diagnose the workings of the heart- electrocardiography, cardiac catheters, angiograms, and coronary blood flow measurement were developed through research using dogs as were surgical techniques such as cardiac bypass angioplasty, and heart transplants (The American). Undeniably, there are close similarities between human and animal in biological aspects which we reasonably use and get a lot of benefits in medical research. Moreover, scientists are also humans which have emotions, love, and compassion upon the animal. By scientific innovations, scientists have been trying to use an alternative method for experimentation. Using animal is only when they have no any other choice. According to the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, scientists do have the alternatives to animal testing by the 3R principle which are Replace, Reduce and Refine. Alternative methods are supported by U.S law such as Animal Welfare Act, Public Health Service (PHS) Policy, NIH Revitalization Act of 1993, ICCVAM Authorization Act of 2000, Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act(Alternatives). However, in some specific cases, the animal is the only choice. As a neuroscientist, using a non-animal model to study how the brain controls limbs are limit. Only by using macaques to study, we achieved some understanding which relevant to human diseases (Baker). All of these policies are to make sure that alternative must be considered before the process. In the example of macaques, scientists cannot achieve anything if they just processed on cells or simulation because we need to study how the whole system acts, not a neural cell. Some people claimed that alternatives should take place of animal experimentation. Human clinical and epidemiological studies, human tissue- and cell-based research methods, cadavers, sophisticated high-fidelity human patient simulators, and computational models are more reliable, more precise, less expensive, and more humane than animal experiments(Berlatshy). In spite of that, this is right but just haft of the truth. Because we cannot always have an alternative. As I wrote above, in some specific purposes, cases, animals are still the only choice. In vitro testing cannot replace animal testing altogether. The reasons for this are fairly straightforward: a drug might work fine on a cell in a test tube, but how will it work in a body? A test tube has no blood circulatory system, no liver, no brain, and no nervous system at all. A test tube cannot feel pain or get pregnant (Do). Haft of a truth is not a truth. Animal experimentation isnt able replaced completely, at least, until now. Ordinarily, because of ethical and legal reasons, alternative methods which are challenging goals must be considered seriously. Despite this, animal experimentations should be continuous, especially in medical researches, because of the meaningful role base on biological similarities between animal and human and for some specific purposes, the animal is a unique choice. The denial of the importance of animals in research into the nature and treatment of infective diseases, and the insistence of animal rights groups that economic and social change is the sole cause of the decrease in morbidity and death from infection cannot be sustained (Botting).

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Battle Of The World War II - 1712 Words

The Battle of Midway was one of the most important naval battles of WWII. This three day offensive between June 4th and 7th of 1942 inflicted irreparable damage on the Japanese fleet. The Japanese sought to eliminate the America as a strategic power in the Pacific, thereby giving Japan a free lane to establish a greater dominance on the Pacific hemisphere. The plan was faulty from the start due to American code breakers who were able to decipher the date and location of the attack, forewarning the U.S. Navy to set up its own ambush. After midway and the lost of the Soloman Islands, Japans shipbuilding and pilot training programs were unable to keep pace in replacing their losses while the U.S steadily increased its output in both areas due to the increased women labor force. The Battle of Stalingrad is seen as a major turning point in which the aggressors went from offensive to a defensive posture. On November 19th, 1942 the Soviet army counter offensive started and was the first major defeat for the Nazi’s. President Roosevelt called it the â€Å"turning point† of the whole European conflict. The Russian army had gained the initiative to move from a defense to offense and pushed the German army all the way back to Berlin. On July 9th, Allied forces land in Sicily Italy as part of Operation Husky in which the Allies took Sicily from the Axis Powers. Strategically this operation achieved the goals the Allied planners had set, it drove the Axis air, land and navel forcesShow MoreRelatedThe Battle Of The World War II974 Words   |  4 PagesSecond World War, the families would experience â€Å"a constant dread of receiving a telegram announcing the injury, missing status or capture, or death of a husband, son or father. Why help to fight World War II when you know the pain that it endures on your family? In the middle of World War II in 1939, a photographer captured a commemorative picture of a soldier/father kissing his daughter goodbye before her dad leaves Britain. Not only does the photograph show the impacts that World War II had onRead MoreThe Battle Of The World War II1345 Words   |  6 Pages World War II, intensified tensions between two of the strongest countries in the 1940s, the United S tates of America and Japan. On December 7,1941, Japanese planes and submarines attacked the American Naval base at pearl harbor, one of America’s largest bases and the largest base in the Pacific Ocean.The attack caused serious damage to the base, taking out America’s strongest battleships, killing thousands of people, and destroying hundreds of planes. America officially enters World War II. TheRead MoreThe Battle Of The World War II1047 Words   |  5 PagesThe first time aircrafts are seen playing major roles in World War II Germany and Japan had begun to attack the nation. Germany and Japan began their initial attacks strong with air strikes, first attacking Holland, Denver, France, and England. When the British retaliated, they had cutting-edge fighters guided by radar. The Battle for Britain was one of the first battles fought solely in the air, keeping Germany from taking control of Britain’s airways. Japan also began its attack on the U.S viaRead MoreTh e Battle Of The World War II995 Words   |  4 PagesAlyssa Humphrey Humphrey, 1 April 21, 2015 2nd On September 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland. Britain and France declared war on Hitler s Nazi Germany in retaliation. Humiliated and dissatisfied with their loss in World War I Germany wanted a powerful leader who could bring them to a strong victory. Invading the whole world meant there would be other countries stronger then they were. By this time, the Japanese had built a strong naval offense system known as the Combined Fleet commanded by IrorokuRead MoreThe Battle Of World War II1168 Words   |  5 Pages The Battles of World War II Normandy Invasion, D-Day In December 1943, the head of staff of the Allies picked American General Dwight D. Eisenhower as incomparable administrator for the Allies in Europe. English General, Sir Frederick Morgan, added to various arrangements for the Allies, most uncommon was Operation Overlord, a full-scale intrusion of France over the English Channel. This was the codename for the most mysterious summon in the war. The initial plan was to cross the English ChannelRead MoreThe Battle Of The World War II2128 Words   |  9 PagesWorld War II, which lasted from 1939 to 1945, is considered the largest armed conflict in human history. This war was fought over six different continents, in every ocean, and ultimately resulted in fifty million military and civilian deaths; including the six million Jews who perished in the Holocaust. Within the course of the seven-year span of fighting in the war, two decisive battles changed the tide of the war in each theater: The D-Day landings and the Battle of Midway. The invasion of NormandyRead MoreThe Battle Of The World War II1315 Words   |  6 PagesSam Carter L9 To What Extent was the Battle of Stalingrad a More Important Turning Point in World War II than the Battle of Britain? The Battle of Stalingrad was fought from the September 1942 through to early February 1943, and took place after the Germans had reached the fringes of Leningrad and Moscow in operation Barbarossa. Hitler’s, and the German commander of the sixth army, General von Paulus’ main aim was to take and secure the oil fields of Caucasus in Russia. The oil from here wouldRead MoreThe Battle Of The World War II1156 Words   |  5 PagesWord War II was a time that caused many people to feel a lot of tension, anxiety and concern. While some wanted power, control, and wanted the notion of superiority. Others were left feeling unsafe, scared, and were worried of what the future would bring them. The uncertainly lead many to feed off the fear and the tension among people rose. No one was to be trusted. During the time of World War II the most important thing to have was power. Countries did not care how they would achieve it they simplyRead MoreThe Battle Of The World War II1414 Words   |  6 Pagesthe global conflict known as World War 2 had been brutally raging on for over two years. American forces had managed to stay out of the war. However, when the Japanese bombed the naval base in Hawaii, Pearl Harbor, the Americans could no longer hold out. On December 7, 1941, the United States of America entered WWII (â€Å"Origins of the Normandy Landing†). Before the Americans entered the war, Winston Churchill and the Allies (Britain, Canada, France) were losing the war. Everything was against themRead MoreThe Battle Of The World War II1249 Words   |  5 Pageswere more than one hundred warships which included eight massive battleships. The US was suffering from the Great Depression, which made Americans think that they would stay out of World War II. As tensions grew between Japan and America, American sailors and airmen were training just in case the US were to join World War II. Americans had not realized that Japan and America were becoming enemies because the main enemy was Adolf Hitler; his goal was to conquer all the democracies of Europe. In 1940,

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Gangs3 Essay Example For Students

Gangs3 Essay Gangs are a violent reality that people have to deal with in todays cities. Whathas made these groups come about? Why do kids feel that being in a gang is both anacceptable and prestigious way to live? The long range answer to these questions canonly be speculated upon, but in the short term the answers are much easier to find. Onthe surface, gangs are a direct result of human beings personal wants and peer pressure. To determine how to effectively end gang violence we must find the way that thesemorals are given to the individual Unfortunately, these can only be hypothesized. However, by looking at the way humans are influenced in society, I believe there is goodevidence to point the blame at several institutions. These include the forces of the media,the government, theater, drugs and our economic system. On the surface, gangs are caused by peer pressure and greed. Many teens ingangs will pressure peers into becoming part of a gang by making it all sound glamorous. Money is also an crucial factor. A kid (a 6-10 year old, who is not yet a member) isshown that s/he could make $200 to $400 for small part time gang jobs. Although theseare important factors they are not strong enough to make kids do things that are strongly One of the ways that kids morals are bent so that gang violence becomes moreacceptable is the influence of television and movies. The average child spends more timeat a TV than she/he spends in a classroom. Since nobody can completely turn off theirminds, kids must be learning something while watching the TV. Very few hours oftelevision watched by children are educational, so other ideas are being absorbed duringthis period of time. Many shows on television today are extremely violent and are oftenshown this from a gangs perspective. A normal adult can see that this is showing howfoully that gangs are living. However, to a child this portrays a violent gang existence asacceptable. The Ends Justifies the Means mentality is also taught through many showswhere the goody guy captures the bad guy through violence and is then beingcommended. A young child sees this a perfectly acceptable because he knows that thebad guy was wrong but has no idea of what acceptable apprehension techniques are. Gore in television also takes a big part in influencing young minds. Children seegory scenes and are fascinated by these things that they have not seen before. Olderviewers see gore and are not concerned with the blood but rather with the pain the victimmust feel. A younger mind doesnt make this connection. Thus a gore fascination isformed, and has been seen in several of my peers. Unfortunately kids raised with thissort of television end up growing up with a stronger propensity to becoming a violentgang member or violent-acceptant person. Gangs bring the delinquent norms of society into intimate contact with theindividual.1, (Marshall B Clinard, 1963). So, as you can see if TV leads a child tobelieve that violence is the norm this will manifest itself in the actions of the child quite,often in a gang situation. This is especially the case when parents dont spend a lot oftime with their kids at the TV explaining what is right and what is wrong. Quite oftennewer books and some types of music will enforce this type of thought and ideas. Once this mentality is installed in youngsters they become increasingly prone tobeing easily pushed into a gang situation by any problem at home or elsewhere. Forinstance, in poor families with many children or upper-middle class families whereparents are always working, the children will often feel deprived of love. Parents canoften feel that putting food on the table is enough love. Children of these families mayoften go to the gang firstly out of boredom and to belong somewhere. As time goes on, aform of love or kinship develops between the gang members and the child. It is then thatthe bond between the kid and the gang is completed because the gang has effectively taken the place of the family. .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7 , .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7 .postImageUrl , .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7 , .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7:hover , .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7:visited , .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7:active { border:0!important; } .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7:active , .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7 .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u96c03bb582045ea826ef95b7f66cdab7:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Persuasive Essay On Abortion Pro Choice The new anti social structure of cities also effects the ease in which a boy/girl canjoin a gang. The formation of gangs in cities, and most recently in suburbs, is facilitatedby the same lack of community among parents. The parents do not know what theirchildren are doing for two reasons: First, much of the parents lives is outside the localcommunity, while the childrens lives are lived almost totally within it. Second, in a fullydeveloped community, the network of relations gives every parent, in a sense, acommunity of sentries who can keep him informed of his childs activities. In modernliving-places (city or suburban), where suc h a network is attenuated, he no longer hassuch sentries.2, (Merton Nisbet, 1971). In male gangs problems occur as each is the members tries to be the most manly. This often leads to all members participating inone-up-manship. Quite often this willthen lead to each member trying to commit a bigger and more violent crime or simplymore crimes than the others. With all members participating in this sort of activity itmakes for a never ending unorganized violence spree (A sort of Clockwork Orangementality). In gangs with more intelligent members these feelings end up making eachmember want to be the star when the groups commit a crime. This makes the gang muchmore organized and improves the morale of members which in turn makes them moredangerous and very hard for the police to deal with and catch (There is nothing harder tofind and deal with than organized teens that are dedicated to the group). This sort ofgang is usually common of middle or upper class people although it can happen in gangsin the projects and other low rent districts too. This one-up-manship is of ten the reason between rival gangs fighting. Allgangs feel powerful and they want to be feared. To do this they try to establishthemselves as the only gang in a certain neighborhood. After a few gang fights hatredforms and gang murders and drive-bys begin to take place. When two gangs are at war itmakes life very dangerous for citizens in the area. Less that 40% of drive-bys kill theirintended victim yet over 60% do kill someone. This gang application is one of the manyreasons that sexual stereotypes and pressure to conform to the same must be stopped. Lastly one of the great factors in joining a gang is for protection. Although froman objective point of view, we can see joining a gang brings more danger than it savesyou from, this is not always the way it is seen by kids. In slums such as the Bronx or thevery worst case, Compton, children will no doubt be beaten and robbed if they do notjoin a gang. Of course they can probably get the same treatment from rivals when in agang. The gang also provides some money for these children who quite often need tofeed their families. The reason kids think that the gang will keep them safe is frompropaganda from the gangs. Gang members will say that no one will get hurt and make apublic show of revenge if a member is hurt or killed. People in low rent areas are most often being repressed due to poverty and mostimportantly, race. This often results in an attitude that motivates the person to basehis/her life on doing what the system that oppresses them doesnt want. Although thisaccomplishes li ttle it is a big factor in gang enrollment. So, as you have seen gangs are a product of the environment we have created forourselves. Some of these factors include: oppression, the media, greed, violence andother gangs. There seems to be no way to end the problem of gangs without totallyrestructuring the modern economy and value system. Since the chance of this happeningis minimal, we must learn to cope with gangs and try to keep their following to aminimum. Unfortunately there is no real organized force to help fight gangs. Of coursethe police are supposed to do this but this situation quite often deals with racial issuesalso and the police forces regularly display their increasing inability to deal fairly withthese issues. What we need are more people to form organizations like the GuardianAngels a gang-like group that makes life very tough for street gangs that are breakingBibliography:

Wednesday, April 8, 2020

Hollywood On Trial Essays - Film Censorship In The United States

Hollywood On Trial The world is full of injustice. Of programs that want to accomplish the right things but get twisted by the people that run them. This essay will deal with the reasons and Birth of the Hays Commission, the ludicrous steps they took to add morality to the motion picture industry, and some other sensors of the time. All things said in this essay are true and taken from the Hays correspondence its self. It is a known fact that sex sells. It is used by advertisers to get us to by there product, and likewise it is used by producers and directors to get us to see their films. During he Depression, no one had enough money to buy dinner much less go see a movie. So, there was a increase in the sex that was on the screen to pull in people. Not that there was any rules or guidelines of the studios to follow. It was just they didn't care. There was a outcry by the catholic church and in April, 1934 a committee of bishops were set up named The Legion of Decency. These Bishops would tell all the priests, and they in turn would in turn tell the parishioners what movies were proper to see and what was not. This thought scared the Hollywood studios. A boycott of that size in the middle of a depression would crush them. The heads of all the major studios got together to solve this problem. They knew that they didn't want to lose the Catholics, and they didn't want government intervention. Their solution was to have a board to censor all the movies coming from the major studios (at that time it was legal for studios to own their own theaters so independent films weren't generally seen by the public at large). To head this committee was William Hays. William Hays was a Republican politician from Indiana with the impatient look a mailman whose paycheck was being sent by mail. Actually he was the Postmaster General in one of the most corrupt administrations of the century, Warren G. Harding(Gardner, xvii). Because of this, he had friends on high places in the movie industry. Even though his name was on the committee all he was responsible for was making the set of rules. To enforce these laws a reporter with catholic leanings (surprise, surprise), Joe Breen, was used. The way the censoring worked is that the studio would send the finished screenplay and reels of the movies to the committee. They in turn send a letter back to the studio telling all the corrections that needed to done. This would go back and forth until the committee was satisfied it would give the movie its stamp of approval. Without this stamp none of the distributors would touch it. There was a court of appeals but it was more of a token than any thing else. Some of the dialog that was cut from movies was ludicrous. In Going My Way they thought priests in a bad light. In Inherit the Wind the whole premise of the film could not be accepted originally because it supposedly slammed Christianity and portrayed the minister as the villain in the movie (parish the thought no pun intended). Sunset Boulevard was rejected because Norma's crime of shooting Gillis went unpunished. Apparently the fact that she was a lunatic wasn't enough. In Casablanca certain facts were left on the cutting room floor. Like Ilsa knew that her husband was alive and had the affair anyway. The whole movie is full of sexual innuendoes. Captain Renult, the viche officer, only gave visas to women who would have sex with him. All this was neatly taken out of the movie. Every one knows that no married woman sleeps with another man unless her husband is dead (sometimes not even then). And there would not be a man in the world who would take advantage of a woman in that way. And the directors had other concerns as well. Casablanca was not accepted in Sweden. It was one of the few countries that escaped the scourge of the Nazis. Sweden thought that if they showed a movie with so much Nazi

Monday, March 9, 2020

Embryonic Stem Cell Research essays

Embryonic Stem Cell Research essays In 1998, scientists discovered that they could isolate embryonic stem cells. They believed that these cells could be more beneficial than adult stem-cells in curing afflictions. Many people and researchers are pushing to get federal grants and the go-ahead to do embryonic stem-cell research for cures for diseases such as Alzheimer's, cancer, diabetes, Parkinson's, multiple sclerosis, or spinal cord injuries. Nancy Reagan has also accused President Bush of not caring enough for human life to do what is necessary to find cures for American's most feared illnesses. The problems with using these cells are that embryonic stem-cells are not easily controlled, and adult stem cells have already proven effective in treating some of these diseases without killing anyone. Embryonic stem-cell research is not the answer to diseases or injuries, and these unborn babies should be protected. "Embryonic stem cells are harder to control in their effects, sometimes generating tumors and other less-tha n-welcome surprises" ( Regardless, scientists continue to speculate that the versatility of these embryonic stem cells may be coaxed into becoming any number of cell types, thereby holding great promise for healing the human body. However, to date scientists attempting to use embryonic stem cells in such research have failed. The Christian Medical Association (CMA), in a letter to Congress and the president, emphasized, "scientific evidence demonstrating that human embryonic stem cells have proven difficult to develop and maintain unstable and mutate in culture, often act abnormally, and tend to form cancerous tumors" ( According to the Executive of CMA, Director David Stevens, M.D., "Problems of tumor formation, uncontrollability, and genetic instability are now cited among the reasons why embryonic stem cells cannot safely be used in huma...

Friday, February 21, 2020

Colonial Labor worksheet Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Colonial Labor worksheet - Assignment Example The Spaniards and the Portuguese paid more for slaves and thus, encouraged the rulers and the traders in Africa to acquire more people. At first criminal and those considered sick were sold, but due to the profitability of the trade, people turned to each other to acquire people for sale. The used violence means to hunt and capture people. It let to war between people. (a) Tobacco planting required a huge labor force. At first, the Virginians experimented with a number of labor sources. They started with the Indians but they resisted them. They then resorted to the poor English adults as paupers and vagabonds were many in England. (b) Due to the high availability of contracted labor, slavery of the black people took time before people fully accepted it in Virginia. However, in mid-1660s, the supply of contracted servants failed sharply leading to the acceptance of the use of black people. (c) The short supply of indentured labor led to labor shortage, which consequently led to the introduction and mass use of black slaves. The wealthy whites acquired many blacks through slavery leading to the growth of the population of the black people in America. †¢ The experiences of the contracted English adults differ. In his letter, Richard Frethorne, claims that he was going difficulties yet secondary sources do not mention of difficulties passed by those who signed contracts with the wealthy